Aprende como usar “Reflexive Pronouns” en inglés aquí:

Many languages have reflexive forms of verbs, but in English, we simply have reflexive pronouns:

myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

PersonSubjectObjectReflexive
FirstImemyself
Secondyouyouyourself
Thirdhe/she/ithim/her/ithimself/herself/itself
Firstweusourselves
Secondyouyouyourselves
Thirdtheythemthemselves”

They are used when the subject and object in the sentence are the same. Or, when YOU do something to YOU.

  • Non-reflexive: He hit the tree.  Subject = HE | Object = the tree
  • Reflexive: He hit himself.  Subject = HE | Object = HE

Instead of using another basic pronoun (he, him), we use the reflexive pronoun to make the meaning completely clear.

  • John hit him.  JOHN hit someone else.
  • John hit he.  Never correct.
  • John hit himself.  JOHN hit JOHN.

You can stick with a basic personal pronoun after prepositions of place if the meaning is already clear.

  • She took her dog with her.  She can’t take her dog with someone else. Take already means you bring something with you.

If the meaning is not clear, we use a reflexive pronoun.

  • She was very proud of herself.  She could be proud of someone else, so the reflexive pronoun is necessary here.

We also sometimes use reflexive pronouns as a way of emphasizing a situation.

  • Do it yourself, I don’t have the time.
  • The house itself is nice, but the neighborhood is rundown.

Finally, there are always exceptions! In English, there are several verbs that do NOT pair with reflexive pronouns – although they are reflexive in most other languages.

Many of the regular grooming verbs do NOT use reflexive pronouns: shave, shower, brush

  • In the morning I shower myself.  In the morning I shower.
  • Do you shave yourself everyday?  Do you shave everyday?

We ONLY use reflexives if they are necessary for emphasis.

  • She’s only three years old and she can shower herself already!

They barber will make you never want to shave yourself again!

 

Lecciones de inglés con “Reflexive Pronouns”

Practica como usar “reflexive pronouns” en estas lecciones seleccionadas de nuestro curso EnglishNow aquí:

 

Helpful Motivation Tactics

Sometimes a little change in perspective is all it takes to get things done.

Topics:  Business  Lifestyle  Skill Point: Reflexive Pronouns

Regardless of the job – be it laundry, answering emails, or making dinner – there are times when you just don’t have the motivation to complete the task. Sometimes it comes down to discipline, but other times it is a fear of failure, or an unchallenging (or boring) task that we avoid. Once you discover the reason you don’t want to work, you can start finding a solution.

Find Your Inner Motivation

Does a craving for success or a fear of loss motivate you in daily life? While they may be two sides of the same coin, acknowledging the one that helps you stay disciplined and motivated can be the crucial step in creating personal discipline.

Promotion Focus

For the forward-thinking offensive type of person, discipline might come easy. Well-disciplined individuals are able to complete just about any task by using a promotion focus. This essentially means you look at the completion of a task as an achievement or accomplishment, and as a way to better your current situation. Perhaps this means you will impress your boss, or become eligible for a raise or promotion. Or maybe it just means you can cross one achievement off of your to-do list.

Prevention Focus

For those of us without this kind of forward-thinking promotion focus, but with constant worry about failure, a prevention focus might be the solution. Prevention focus is the defensive counterpart to promotion; you might have a fear of making mistakes, but you have to do certain tasks in order to avoid loss or to hold on to what you’ve already got.  This means your boss will be angry if you don’t do something, or you will lose out on this month’s bonus, or possibly lose the respect of your colleagues. Nobody wants that. It is important to perform to the best of your ability in order to prevent a loss of position, salary, or respect.

Create a “Must-do” Rather Than “Feel-like-doing” Attitude

Much like quitting your job, having a baby, or starting your own business, there’s never a “perfect” time where everything feels right. The same goes for tasks in your life. If you intend to start working out, being more productive, or eating healthier, you should look at it like something you have to do, rather than something you want to do. Sure, nobody wants to get out of bed an hour earlier to hit the gym or make fresh breakfast, and nobody wants to check emails or work on tedious tasks. If you wait for the moment when you feel like getting out of bed or completing undesirable tasks, you will never complete them. Instead, according to Oliver Burkeman, author of The Antidote: Happiness for People Who Can’t Stand Positive Thinking, you should ignore your feelings.

If you ignore that desire to sit on the couch eating ice cream and watching a marathon of your favorite TV show, and instead make yourself hit the gym, clean the house, make healthy meals, or work on your business, you will become increasingly more successful. Ignoring the lazier cravings will become easier and easier, and soon enough you will never again say you don’t “feel like” doing something productive. Instead, you’ll just do it.

 

Reading Comprehension

Writing

INTERMEDIATE: What do you think are your barriers to productivity? In 200 words, explain some of the reasons why you might have trouble getting things done. Be sure to include at least three barriers to your productivity.

ADVANCED: Assuming the information in this article is correct, how would that change your tactics for productivity in your office, both for you and your employees? In 200 words, describe the changes you might make at work to help employees understand and benefit from either a promotion focus or a prevention focus.